Friday, December 20, 2019

Related Literature on Cigarette Smoking - 12524 Words

Journal of Health Economics 18 Ã… ½1999. 1–29 An economic theory of cigarette addiction Steven M. Suranovic a,) , Robert S. Goldfarb a , Thomas C. Leonard b a Department of Economics, The George Washington UniÕersity, 2201 G St. N.W., Washington, DC 20052, USA b Department of Economics, Princeton UniÕersity, Princeton, USA Received 1 July 1996; revised 1 March 1998; accepted 30 April 1998 Abstract In this paper we present a model in which individuals act in their own best interest, to explain many behaviors associated with cigarette addiction. There are two key features of the model. First, there is an explicit representation of the withdrawal effects experienced when smokers attempt to quit smoking. Second, there is explicit recognition†¦show more content†¦notes that, according to the disease view, excessive consumption of alcohol or drugs is the result of an ‘‘underlying disease process . . . thought to cause compulsive use; in other words, the high rate and volume of use are merely the manifest symptoms of an illness. The exact nature of the illness is not fully understood at this point, but many proponents of the disease model believe that it has genetic origins . . . If the disease . . . is not present, then dependencies cannot develop, no matter how much of the substance is consumed. The ‘addiction as a disease’ model maintains that the alcoholic and addict are victims of an illness’’. Ã… ½pp. 3–4.. Thombs contrasts the moral and disease models of addiction to a view of ‘addiction as maladaptive behavior’. For additional discussion of the disease model, see the articles in Peele Ã… ½1988.. 2 This characterization of approaches to modeling addiction is from Herrnstein and Prelec Ã… ½1992.. Viscusi Ã… ½1992., whose work focuses on individuals’ risk perceptions about smoking, specifies three modeling approaches: the fully rational smoker; the stylized smoker who is ignorant of the hazard of smoking; and the smoker with cognitive limitations. S.M. SuranoÕic et al.r Journal of Health Economics 18 (1999) 1–29 3 forcement, which means that greater current consumption raises future consumption, and that reinforcement is a feature of many addictive goods. However, an additional implication of adjacentShow MoreRelatedSmoking and Dental mplants714 Words   |  3 Pagesfactors may be classified as ;patient, clinician or implant associated15,16. Cigarette smoking, a patient related risk factor, is a common habit. 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